Attitude of the English Reformers towards the Apostles' Creed. — Recent controversy on the Creed. — The Creed in England before the Conquest. — Two forms, the Old-Roman Creed, the Symbolum Apostolorum? — The forms compared. — Professor Harnack's criticisms. — Importance of the issues raised 9
Primitive Christian conceptions of Divine Fatherhood and Omnipotence. — The deeper teaching not ignored in the first half of the second century. — In what sense is our Lord the 'Only Son'? — Early use of the term 'Only-begotten' — its purpose in the Creed. — The Sonship seen to be prehistoric, notwithstanding some indistinctness in early statements of the doctrine 19
The Holy Ghost of the Creed a Person. — Growth of the doctrine of the Spirit in the teaching of Tertullian and Origen. — His personality not denied by Arianism, or called in question by any party excepting the Macedonians. — Catholic theology in the fourth century not revolutionary, but in the deeper sense conservative. — A hypostatic Trinity confessed before Basil. — The Cappadocians did not create doctrine, but gave it scientific expression 30
The Miraculous Conception maintained by Justin in controversy with Pagans and Jews — by Aristides and by Ignatius — recognised by early heretics — misrepresented by the Jews. — Sources of the Christian belief. — St Luke's account. — St Matthew's account. — Probable origin of the two narratives. — Variations in Matt. i. 16 do not affect the trustworthiness of the story. — Whether known to the first generation or not, the belief runs back into the Apostolic age 42
Early legends connected with the Descent.— Their probable history. — The Aquileian article Scriptural. — Original meaning of the words. — When and why introduced into the Creed. — Their subsequent history and justification 56
The Ascension : silence of the Synoptists and of St Paul — silence of the sub apostolic writers. — Early testimony to the fact. — The Resurrection and Ascension not identified, although the interval is differently stated. — Witness of the Creeds to the Ascension. — Two symbolical expressions for the fact. — The prevalent form free from ambiguity 64
'Holy Church' primitive. — 'Catholic* not in the Old-Roman Creed, though early applied to the Church in East and West. — The 'Catholic Church' not an abstraction, or a symbol of subjection to Rome. — Why the name was limited to orthodox Churches and Christians. — 'Catholic' at once comprehensive and exclusive. — Its retention in the English Creed 73
Origin of the phrase, 'Communion of Saints.' — Its use in Gallican homilies of the sixth century. — Occasion of its introduction into the Creed. — How interpreted by the tradition of the English Church 82
'Resurrection of the Flesh' not in Scripture. — Its adoption an early protest against Docetic error. — Not opposed to St Paul's teaching. — How understood by Pseudo-Clement and Origen, by Jerome and Rufinus, by Augustine and the later Western Church. — Other phrases: 4 Resurrection of the Dead' — 'Resurrection of the Body' 89 Appendix.
A. — Western Creeds : Creed of the Prymer — the 'King's Book' — the Gelasian Sacramentary — the Sarum Ritus baptizandi — the first English Book of Common Prayer — Priminius — two British Museum mss. — Marcellus — Cod. Laudianus — Bangor Antiphonary — C. C. C. MS. — Aquileia — Venantius Fortunatus — Faustus of Riez 101
B. — Eastern Creeds: Creed of Jerusalem — of the Apostolical Constitutions — of Constantinople 108
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